John Ruskin

The moral elements of the Gothic according to Ruskin
30.09.12 BY Bridget
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1. Savageness

2. Changefulness

3. Naturalism

4. Grotesqueness

5. Rigidity

6. Redundance

These characters are here expressed as belonging to the building; as belonging to the builder, they would be expressed thus:-1. Savageness or Rudeness. 2. Love of Change. 3. Love of Nature. 4. Disturbed Imagination.5.Obstinacy. 6. Generosity.

From ‘On Art and Life’ Ruskin, John. p 5

Of particular interest is Ruskin’s conflation of Redundance with Generosity;  ‘The uncalculating bestowal of the wealth of its labour.’